To protect people’s health the European Union and the UK government have set legal standards for a range of air pollutants.
Bristol is in breach of these standards for nitrogen dioxide and the UK has been sued because of its failure to meet European Limit Values for NO2.
Bristol City Council declared an Air Quality Management Area in 2001 for Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Particulates (PM10). The boundary has been amended slightly but covers the central area of the city and arterial routes. There are approximately 100,000 residents and 35 schools in the area.
In July 2017, the government formally directed Bristol City Council to:
- undertake a feasibility study by 31 March 2018 and identify options which will deliver compliance with legal limits for nitrogen dioxide in the shortest possible time; and
- to identify a preferred option, including value for money considerations and implementation arrangements, by 31 December 2018.
The proposed approach takes into account this direction and the detailed government guidance issued subsequently. A key aspect of this is the need to identify the option(s) which would deliver compliance with legal limits for nitrogen dioxide in the area for which the council is responsible in the shortest possible time.